by author, as compiled by L.A. Miller from several sources. This list is far from complete and is an ongoing project that will be updated as I find the data. If you would like to contribute, please do so via email .

Aardsma, G.E. , 1993. Tree-ring dating and multiple ring growth per year. Creation Research Society Quarterly 29: 184-189.

Armstrong, P.H. 1972. Bristlecone pines tell an 8000-year story. Geographical Magazine 44(9): 637-639.

Bailey, D. K. 1970. Phytogeography and taxonomy of Pinus subsection Balfourianae.Annals of Missouri Botanical Garden 57, no. 2 210-249.

Baker, W.L. , 1991. Livestock grazing alters succession after fire in a Colorado subalpine forest. In Fire and the Environment: Ecological and Cultural Perspectives. Proceedings of an International Symposium (eds. S.C. Nodvin and T.A. Waldrop). USDA Forest Service General Technical Report SE-69: 84-90. Baillie, M.G.L. 1994. Dendrochronology raises questions about the nature of the AD 536 dust-veil event. The Holocene 4(2): 212-217.

Baillie, M.G.L. , 1996. Extreme environmental events and the linking of the tree-ring and ice-core records. In Dean, J.S., Meko, D.M., and Swetnam, T.W., eds., Tree Rings, Environment, and Humanity. Radiocarbon 1996, Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson: 703-711.

Baker, W. L. 1992. Structure, disturbance and change in the bristlecone pine forests of Colorado, U.S.A. Arctic and Alpine Research 24(1): 17-26.

Baker, W.L. , 1991. Livestock grazing alters succession after fire in a Colorado subalpine forest. In Fire and the Environment: Ecological and Cultural Perspectives. Proceedings of an International Symposium (eds. S.C. Nodvin and T.A. Waldrop). USDA Forest Service General Technical Report SE-69: 84-90.

Beasley, R.S., Klemmedson, J.O. 1973. Recognizing site adversity and drought-sensitive trees in stands of bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva). Economic Botany 27: 141-146.

Beasley R. S. and J. O. Klemmedson. 1980. Ecological relationships of bristlecone pine. The American Midland Naturalist 104(2): 242-252.

Becker, B. 1980. Tree-ring dating and radiocarbon calibration in south-central Europe. Radiocarbon 22(2): 219-226.

Billings, W. D., and J. H. Thompson, Composition of a stand of old Bristlecone pines in the White Mountains of California, Ecology, 38, 158-160 (1957).

Brown, P.M., 1996. OLDLIST: A database of maximum tree ages. In Dean, J.S., Meko, D.M., and Swetnam, T.W., eds., Tree Rings, Environment, and Humanity. Radiocarbon 1996, Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson: 727-731.

Brunstein, F.C., 1996. Climatic significance of the bristlecone pine latewood frost-ring record at Almagre Mountain, Colorado, U.S.A. Arctic and Alpine Research 28(1): 65-76.

Brunstein, C. F. and D. K. Yamaguchi. 1992. The oldest known Rocky Mountain bristlecone pines (Pinus aristida Englm.). Arctic and Alpine Research 24(3): 253-256.

Burridge, G. 1969. Collectors of centuries. The Americas 21(7): 31-36.

Cermak, R.W. 1967. The ancient bristlecone pine - living records of the past. Ward's Bulletin 6 (43): 1-5.

Chen, A. 1989. The Thera theory. Discover 10(2): 76-83.

Clark, R.M. 1978. Bristlecone pine and ancient Egypt: a re-appraisal. Archaeometry 20(1): 5-17.

Clementson, S.P. , 1974. A critical examination of radiocarbon dating in the light of dendrochronological data. Creation Research Society Quarterly 10: 229-236.

Clepper, H. 1982. Ancient trees: fantasy and fact. American Forests 88(3): 11-14, 62.

Cockerell, T. D. A. 1934. An ancient foxtail pine. Nature 133: 573-574.

Cohen, Michael. 1998. A garden of bristlecones : tales of change in the Great Basin. University of Nevada Press, Reno.

Connor, K. F. and R. M. Lanner. 1987. The architectural significance of interfoliar branches in Pinus subsection Balfourianae. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17: 269-272.

Connor, K. F. and R. M. Lanner. 1989. Age related changes in shoot growth components of Great Basin bristlecone pine. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 19: 933-935.

Connor, K.F., Lanner, R.M. 1990. Effects of tree age on secondary xylem and phloem anatomy in stems of Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva). American Journal of
77(8): 1070-1077.

Connor, K. F. and R. M. Lanner. 1991a. Cuticle thickness and chlorophyll content in bristlecone pine needles of various ages. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 188(2): 184-187.

Connor, K. F. and R. M. Lanner. 1991b. Effects of tree age on pollen, seed and seedling characteristics in Great Basin bristlecone pine. Botanical Gazette 152(1): 107-113.

Cook, E.R. 1995. Temperature histories from tree rings and corals. Climate Dynamics 11: 211-222.

Cook, E.R., Briffa, K.R., Meko, D.M., Graybill, D.S., Funkhouser, G. 1995. The 'segment length curse' in long tree-ring chronology development for paleoclimatic studies. The Holocene 5(2): 229-237.

Critchfield, W.B. 1977. Hybridization of foxtail and bristlecone pines. Madrono. 24: 193-212.

Currey, D.R. , 1965. An ancient bristlecone pine stand in eastern Nevada. Ecology 46(4): 564 566.

Damon, P.E., Long, A., Grey, D.C. 1965. Fluctuation of atmospheric C^14^ during the last six millennia. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference: Radiocarbon and Tritium
Dating, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, June 7-11, 1965. U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, CONF-650652: 415-428.

Dean, J.S., Funkhouser, G.S., Dendroclimatic reconstructions for the southern Colorado Plateau. In Waugh, W.J., ed., Climate Change in the Four Corners and Adjacent Regions: Implications for Environmental Restoration and Land-Use Planning: Proceedings of the Workshop. Publication CONF-9409325, Mesa State College, Grand Junction, Colorado: 85-104.

Engelmann, G. 1862. Supplements to the enumeration of plants of Dr Parry's collection in the Rocky Mountains. I. Coniferae. Amer. Jour. Sci. Arts 34: 330-332

Engelmann, G. 1863. On Pinus aristata, a new species of pine, discovered by Dr C. C. Parry in the alpine regions of Colorado Territory, and on some other pines of the Rocky Mountains. Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 2: 205-214.

Ewers, F. W., Secondary growth in needle leaves of Pinus longaeva (Bristlecone pine) and other conifers: quantitative data, Amer. Jour. Bot., 69(10), 1552-1559 (1982).

Ewers, F. W. 1985. Developmental and cytological evidence for mode of origin of secondary phloem in needle leaves of Pinus longaeva (bristlecone pine) and Pinus flexilis. Bot.Jahrb. Syst., 103, 59-88.

Ewers, F. W. 1982. The determinate and indeterminate dwarf shoots of Pinus longaeva (Bristlecone pine), Canadian Jour. Bot., 61(9), 2280-2290 (1983).

Ewers, F. W. and R. Schmid, The fate of the dwarf shoot apex in bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva). American Jour. Botany 72 509-513 (1985).

Ewers, F. W. and R. Schmid, Longevity of needle fascicles of Pinus longaeva (Bristlecone pine) and other North American pines, Oecologia, 51, 107-115 (1981).

Feng, X., Epstein, S. 1994. Climatic implications of an 8000-year hydrogen isotope time series from bristlecone pine trees. Science 265: 1079-1081.

Feng, X., Epstein, S. 1995. Carbon isotopes of trees from arid environments and implications for reconstructing atmospheric CO2 concentration. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59(12):2599-2608.

Feng, X., Epstein, S., 1996. Climatic trends from isotopic records of tree rings: The past 100-200 years. Climatic Change 33: 551-562.

Ferguson, C. W. & Wright, R. A. 1963. Tree rings in the western Great Basin. Nevada State Museum Anthrop. Papers 9: 10-16. Ferguson, C.W. 1968. Bristlecone pine: science and esthetics. Science 159: 839-846.

Ferguson, C.W. 1969. A 7104-year annual tree-ring chronology for bristlecone pine, Pinus aristata, from the White Mountains, California. Tree-Ring Bulletin 29: 1-29.

Ferguson, C.W. 1970. Bristlecone pine chronology and calibration of the radiocarbon timescale. In Tree-ring analysis with special reference to northwest America (eds. J.H.G. Smith and J.
Worrall). The University of British Columbia Faculty of Forestry Bulletin 7: 88-91.

Ferguson, C.W. 1970. Dendrochronology of bristlecone pine, Pinus aristata: Establishment of a 7484-year chronology in the White Mountains of eastern-central California, U.S.A. In Radiocarbon Variations and Absolute Chronology (ed. I.U. Olsson). John Wiley & Sons, New York: 237-259.

Ferguson, C.W. 1973. Dendrochronology of bristlecone pine prior to 4000 B.C. In Proceedings, 8th International Radiocarbon Conference, Lower Hutt, New Zealand 1 (eds. T.A. Rafter and T. Grant-Taylor). Royal Society of New Zealand, Wellington: A1-A10.

Ferguson, C.W. 1979. Dendrochronology of bristlecone pine, Pinus longaeva. Environment International 2: 209-214.

Ferguson, C. W., and D. A. Graybill, Dendrochronology of Bristlecone pine, Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, Tucson (1981).

Ferguson, C.W., Graybill, D.A. 1983. Dendrochronology of bristlecone pine: a progress report. Radiocarbon 25(2): 287-288.

Ferguson, C.W., Lawn, B., Michael, H.N. 1985. Prospects for the extension of the bristlecone pine chronology: radiocarbon analysis of H-84-1. Meteoritics 20(2): 415-421.

Fritts, H. C. (a), Bristlecone pine in the White Mountains of California, University of Arizona Press, Tucson (1969).

Fritts, H. C. (b), Bristlecone pine in the White Mountains of California. Growth and ring-width characteristics, Papers of the Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, No. 4, University of Arizona Press, Tucson (1969).

Fritts, H.C. 1991. Reconstructing Large-Scale Climatic Patterns from Tree-Ring Data. The University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 286 pp.

Fritts, H.C., Shao, X.M. 1992. Mapping climate using tree-rings from western North America. In Climate Since A.D. 1500 (eds. R.S. Bradley and P.D. Jones). Routledge Press, London: 269-295.

Gates, David M. 1971. "An Amateur Botanist's Great Discovery: Dana K. Bailey and Pinus longaeva." Missouri Botanical Garden Bulletin LIX, no. 3 (May 1971) pp. 39-48.

Gidwitz, Tom 2001. "Telling Time" Archaeology Vol. 54 Number 2, March/April

Gladwin, H.S., 1978. Dendrochronology, radiocarbon and bristlecones. Creation Research Society Quarterly 15: 24-26.

Gladwin, H.S. 1976. Dendrochronology, radiocarbon and bristlecones. Anthropological Journal of Canada 14(4): 2-7.

Grassberger, P., 1986. Do climatic attractors exist? Nature 323: 609-612.

Graumlich, L.J., Lloyd, A.H., 1996. Dendroclimatic, ecological and geomorphological evidence for long-term climatic change in the Sierra Nevada, U.S.A. In Dean, J.S., Meko, D.M., and Swetnam, T.W., eds., Tree Rings, Environment, and Humanity. Radiocarbon 1996, Department of Geosciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson: 51-59.

Graumlich, L.J. 1994. Long-term vegetation change in mountain environments: Palaeoecological insights into modern vegetation dynamics. In Mountain Environments in Changing Climates (ed.
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Graybill, D.A., Idso, S.B. 1993. Detecting the aerial fertilization effect of atmospheric CO2 enrichment in tree-ring chronologies. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 7(1): 81-95.

Grinsted, M.J., Wilson, A.T., Ferguson, C.W. 1979. Carbon-13/carbon-14 ratio variations in Pinus longaeva (bristlecone pine) cellulose during the last millennium. Earth
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Haagen-Smit, A. J., Wang, T. & Mirov, N. T. 1950. Composition of gum turpentines of Pinus aristata, P. balfouriana, P. flexilis and P. parviflora. Amer. Pharm. Assoc. Jour. Sci. Ed. 39: 254-259.

Hall, G.S., Yamaguchi, D.K., Rettberg, T.M. 1990. Multielemental analyses of tree rings by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Letters 146(4): 255-265.

Heald, Weldon F. 1966. "World's Oldest Tree Cut Down." Copley News Service (May 16, 1966) (Outlet, 110 papers nationwide.)

Hecht, J. 1987. Ancient pines log the greenhouse effect. New Scientist 113(1543): 28.

Hiebert, R. D. and J. L. Hamrick. 1983. Patterns and levels of genetic variation in great basin bristlecone pine, Pinus longaeva. Evolution 37(2): 302-310.

Hiebert, R. D. and J. L. Hamrick. 1984. An ecological study of bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) in Utah and Eastern Nevada. Great Basin Naturalist 44(3): 487-494.

Huber, B. 1957. Eine Fahrt zu den aeltesten Baeumen der Erde. [A trip to the oldest trees on earth.] Allgemeine Forstzeitschrift 12: 417-419.

Huber, B. 1958. 4000 Jahre alte Kiefern. [4000 year old pine trees.] Umschau 8: 248-249.

Hughes, M.K. 1995. Tree-ring evidence of surface temperature variation during the past 1000 years. In Frenzel, B., Nanni, T., Galli, M., and Glaeser, B., eds., Solar Ouput and Climate during the Holocene. Palaeoclimate Research 16: 77-87.

Hughes, M.K., Graumlich, L.J. 1996. Multimillennial dendroclimatic studies from the western United States. In Jones, P.D., Bradley, R.S., and Jouzel, J., eds., Climatic Variations
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Kay, P.A. & C.G.Oviatt. 1972. Pinus longaeva in the Stansbury Mountains, Utah.Great Basin Nat. 38: 49-50.

Karlstrom, T. 1995. A 139-year dendroclimatic cycle, cultural/environmental history, sunspots, and longer-term cycles. In Isaacs, C.M., and Tharp, V.L., eds., Proceedings of the
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Kramer, H., Bristlecone pines‹die ältesten Baume der Welt, Der Forst und Holzwirt, 38(2) January, Verlag, M. and H. Schaper, Hannover, W. Germany (1983).

Krebs, P. V. 1973. Dendrochronology of bristlecone pine (Pinus aristida Englem.) in Colorado. Arctic and Alpine Research 5(2): 149-150.

Lammerts, W.E., 1983. re the bristle-cone pine trees really so old? Creation Research Society Quarterly 20: 108-115.

LaMarche, Jr., V.C. 1961. Rate of slope erosion in the White Mountains, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin 72: 1579-1580.

LaMarche, Jr., V.C. 1963. Origin and geologic significance of buttress roots of bristlecone pines, White Mountains, California. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 475-C: C148-C149.

LaMarche, Jr., V.C. 1969. Environment in relation to age of bristlecone pines. Ecology 50: 53-59.

LaMarche, Jr., V.C. 1974. Paleoclimatic inferences from long tree-ring records. Science 183: 1043-1048.

LaMarche, Jr., V.C., Mooney, H.A. 1972. Recent climatic change and development of bristlecone pine (P. longaeva Bailey) krummholz zone, Mt. Washington, Nevada. Arctic and Alpine Research 4: 61-72.

LaMarche, Jr., V.C., Stockton, C.W. 1974. Chronologies from temperature-sensitive bristlecone pines at upper treeline in western United States. Tree-Ring Bulletin 34: 21-45.

LaMarche, Jr., V.C., Harlan, T.P. 1973. Accuracy of tree-ring dating of bristlecone pine for calibration of the radiocarbon time scale. Journal of Geophysical Research 78(36): 8849-8858.

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Lambert, D. 1973. "Timberline Ancients Are Rewriting History" National Wildlife 11, no. 1 (Dec.-Jan. 1973) pp. 44-47.

Lambert, D. 1972. "Bristlecone Harmonies" National Parks 46, no. 3 (March 1972) pp. 86-90.

Lambert, D., Muench, D. 1972. Timberline Ancients. C.H. Belding, Portland, Oregon.

Lambert, D. 1968. Martyr for a species. Audubon 70(3): 50-55.

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Lanner, R. M. 1988. Dependence of Great Basin bristlecone pine on Clark's Nutcracker for regeneration at high elevations. Arctic and Alpine Research 20(3): 358-362.

Lanner, R. M., Hutchins, H.E., and Lanner, H.A., 1984. Bristlecone pine and Clark's nutcracker: Probable interaction in the White Mountains, California. Great Basin Naturalist 44: 357-360.

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Lanner, R. M., 1999. Conifers of California. Cachuma Press, Los Olivos, CA.

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